The North needed to create a motive for the South

to rejoin the Union.

To do this General Winfield Scott designed an offensive plan known as theAnaconda Plan.

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The Anaconda Plan was a long-term plan that would weaken the South
with as little blood shed as possible. Consisting of two main actions, the
purpose of the Anaconda Plan was to break down the Southern economy. It was
hoped that once the South ran out of supplies they’d join the Union once
again.

The first action the Anaconda Plan took was to set up blockades that
obstructed southern ports located down 3,500 miles of Southern coastline. A
blockade is where there are armed soldiers preventing anything from
happening at the port. When a blockade is formed no good or people can be
imported or exported from the area.

Northern blockades as intended to do had a negative influence on
Southern economy. Because the majority of all ports were closed, no
agriculture goods could be exported. This caused the Southern money supply
began to dry up. Unlike the North who had ample number of factories
manufacturing ammunition, the South was dependent on foreign factories to
provide them with ammo. Therefore, when blockades were formed cargo sent
from foreign countries was stopped that the South desperately needed for
war. Such cargo included food, clothing, weapons, and other necessities for
war.

The second part of the Anaconda Plan was to recapture the Mississippi
River. By doing so, the Confederacy would be cut in half making
communication hard between the two sections. Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas
would have trouble sending supplies and troops. All 60,000 Union troops
took control from Cairo, Illinois to the Gulf of Mexico. This strategy also
enabled the Union to transfer their own troops and good to the South.

In the end, the Anaconda Plan was important to the Union’s success
and the South’s failure in the Civil War. By serving as an interstate
highway to the North the Mississippi River enabled the Union to transport
their own troops down south without having to battle with the Rebels. The
Anaconda Plan also cut the Confederacy off from the rest of the world,
Texas, Arkansas, and Louisiana. This caused the South’s economy to plummet
since it was mainly based around farming. In the long run, the Anaconda
Plan helped to end the war quicker.