One messy situation (book thei

Sam Watson sat on the porch watching and listening to the people who came by. His beloved wife Phoeby was out with her best friend Janie having a drink at the local bar at Eatonville, at least that’s what he thought until Janie came strolling by the porch alone,without her boyfriend Teacake. Where’s Phoeby? he asked her. I have no idea I haven’t talked to her today she responded. Well that’s a strange thing because she told me that she was having a drink with you down at the bar, she left about an hour ago said Sam. Teacake left to run some arons about an hour ago also she said. Sam and Janie, both being the smart people that they were knew that something fishy was going on.
They went down to the local bar together and neither Teacake nor Phoeby were there. So the two decided to go to Teacake’s place and see if he was there and if he knew where Phoeby might be. To their surprise Teacake was there, but they no longer had to look for Phoeby, the two were having sex in the bedroom. Outraged and broken-hearted, Sam and Janie walked away together thinking of what to do. I can’t believe that Teacake would do this to me. I’ve been married to Phoeby a long time now, and I would have never imagined her betraying me like that. The two of them decided to wait for Phoeby to come back home and ask her a few things, so they went back to the porch and talked. A few hours later Phoeby came home, and the minute that she saw the two of them sitting on the porch, Janie in tears, she knew that they knew her dirty little secret.
Hey guys, what’s happenin? was the only thing that popped into Phoeby’s head. You little bitch I hate you more than anything in this world Janie screamed. The only thing that Sam could do was show his heart-broken face, he had no energy to scream and yell. I’m so sorry, Janie, I didn’t mean any harm Teacake asked me to spend some time with him and then it just sort of happened. What the hell do you mean it just sort of happened? Why did you lie to your husband about where you were going tonight, and why did my boyfriend lie to me about arons? Janie screamed. Sam went inside the house to call Teacake over.
When Teacake got there he knew it was a messy situation. Why’d you do it, why? screamed Janie. Ah been hear uh long time listenin’ to dat heifer run me down tuh de dawgs said Teacake. Who, Sam? He’s one of the nicest people I know, why would you say something like that? And what difference does it make that he doesn’t like you, why would you go out and have sex with his wife? Janie said. I thought that you were cheating on me with him was the excuse. Whut ever put dat notion in yo head? asked Janie. You always talk about him and tell me how good of a friend he is to you. A friend, and that’s it you cheating scum yelled Janie. Y’all really playin’ de dozens tunight said Sam. Janie walked back to her house to get away from the whole thing, while Teacake did not know what to do or say. Phoeby was kicked out of the house by her husband for the night.
The next day Sam called a lawyer and got the legal papers for the divorce. He signed all of them and then gave them to Phoeby to sign. She was astonished that he would do such a thing, but she signed them. I still love you, you know that? said Phoeby to Sam. I don’t care about you anymore you bitch. Just get out of my life was Sam’s response. The divorce was official, and the two of them were separated.
About that time the same day Janie was moving all of her things out of Teacake’s house and back into hers. Please don’t do this, I love you sweetheart, you mean the world

Hamlet Apperance vs. Reality

Hamlet – Appearance vs. Reality
Hamlet one of Shakespeare’s greatest plays, where the young prince of Denmark must uncover the truth about his fathers death. Hamlet a play that tells the story of a young prince who’s father recently died. Hamlets uncle Claudius marries his mother the queen and takes the throne. As the play is told Hamlet finds out his father was murdered by the recently crowned king. The theme that remains constant throughout the play is appearance versus reality. Things within the play appear to be true and honest but in reality are infested with evil. Many of the characters within the play hide behind a mask of falseness. Four of the main characters that hid behind this mask are Polonius, Rosencrantz (Guildenstern), the king Cluadius. From behind this mask they give the impression of a person who is sincere and genuine, in reality they are plagued with lies and evil. There appearance will make it very difficult for Hamlet to uncover the truth, the characters hide behind.
Polonius the kings royal assistant has a preoccupation with appearance. He always wants to keep up the appearance of loving and caring person. Polonius appears like a man who loves and cares about his son, Laertes. Polonius speaks to his son with advice that sounds sincere but in reality it is rehearsed, hollow and without feeling. Polonius gives his advice only to appear to be the loving caring father. The reality is he only speaks to appear sincere as a politician, to look good rather then actually be good: “And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. This above all: to thine own self be true, And it must follow, as the night the day, Thou canst not then be false to any man. Farewell; my blessing season this in thee!” Act 1
Polonius gives his son Laertes his blessing to go away, he sends a spy to follow him and keep an eye on him. This shows his lack of trust for anyone, he gives the appearance of a confident father who trusts his son to go off on his own. In reality he lies about his trust for his son by sending a spy to watch him. His advice he gives his son is rehearsed and only said to give the appearance of a loving father. Polonius further adds to the theme appearance verses reality by ordering Ophelia to stop seeing Hamlet. He lies to her telling her that Hamlet does not love her, he only lusts for her, in truth he does love her: Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do know, When the blood burns , how prodigal the soul Through the play Polonius hids behind his mask appearing to be honest loving parent. In reality Polonius lies, manipulates people and eavesdrops on peoples conversation. Polonius helps contribute to the theme appearance verses reality by showing how his appearance is not his true nature, behind the mask there lies someone totally different.


Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are two of Hamlets childhood friends who when asked by the king, try to find out what is troubling the young prince. Both help to contribute to the theme by showing there appearance of being Hamlets friends. The pair go to Hamlet pretending to be his friends when in truth they are only there because the king asked them to find the truth. There is some irony within the twins, they are asked by the king to find out the truth by hiding within a lie, by pretending to be his friend: A dream is but a shadow Act II.


Hamlet knows there purpose for their visit is to dig into his soul to find the real reason for his actions as of late. As the play continues the twins are asked again by the king to go to Hamlet and try again to find the real reason for Hamlets behavior. Hamlet insults them at every chance knowing they are lying to him about there purpose of the visit: Tis as easy as lying; govern these ventages with you finger and thumb, give it breath with your mouth…Act III
As the melodrama continues Hamlet goes with the twins to reclaim

culture and conflict

The culture of conflict is just as important as the conflict itself. The reasons for conflict and the inner agony of pride are all do to culture. The epic poem of Gilgamesh, and The Odyssey, the story of Genesis have many forms of many conflicts. Cultural conflicts have many different forms, but pride is usually at the root of all of them.


The book of Gilgamesh has many conflicts, and battles.Gilgamesh was a flashy warrior and leader that resolved everything with primitive actions. He was a conflict all his own because the towns people didnt like his leadership. His acts of womanizing and mistreating the towns people is what caused this hatred towards him. They all wished for an equal to come.Enkido was a forest man that was an equal to Gilgamesh. He came, and at first wasnt an equal to Gilgamesh, but a rival.Gilgamesh and Enkido battled through the streets of the town. These actions were pride based and human nature must have had an impact. In anything once a leader is challenged he will do anything to keep his leadership and step up to the occasion. In this case, Gilgamesh the leader was challenged.
Enkido stood, guardian on the threshold of the martial chamber,
To block the way of the king,
The aura and power of the wild ox, Gilgamesh,
Who was coming to the chamber and take his bride.


Stormy heart struggled with stormy heart,
As Gilgamesh met Enkido in his rage,
At the marital threshold they wrestled, bulls contending:
The doorposts shook and shattered; the wrestling staggered.(Gilgamesh_14,15)
Once the battle ended, Gilgamesh knew that they were equal.Being the leader that he was, he decided not to be rivals, but be friends.They decide to travel to the forest of Cedars, where they set to challenge the org Huwawa.Enkido doesnt want to proceed with this thought but Gigamesh wants to continue. They show up and battle the superhuman guardian, kill him, cut down the forest, cut off Huwana’s head as a trophy, build a raft, and head back to Uruk.
The really only cultural experience in this battle isnt just the battle itself, but after the battle when they cut off Huwawa’s head and made it into a trophy.Making his head into a trophy exemplifies their in their great victory. It demonstrates was gained and shows that they had something to remember it by. The battle wouldnt have gone the way it did without the help of Enkido. The chemistry between the two friends was one of the reasons they won that great battle.

Gilgamesh found him and said: Two people, companions, they can prevailto together against the terror.(Gilgamesh_26,27)
In the Holy Bible, story of genesis, a lot of conflicts take place, but not a lot of fights. The distinction between conflicts and fight is that a fight is mostly known as a violent struggle with contact, a conflict can be that of a fight but also can be a verbal fight, or just a everyday challenge. Mostly it is god himself that is the main subject of the conflicts.The almighty one he is passionate, yet very mean in some of the decisions that he makes.A lot of people suffered in some of the decisions in what god made.


For instance, God created Adam and Eve. God said to both Adam and Eve to not eat from the forbidden tree. They could have anything in the world, but not eat from the tree in Eden. One day as they were enjoying themselves in Eden, a snake came about to Adam and Eve and deceived them into eating the forbidden fruit.Adam and Eve were mistaking that the snake was correct and Eve ate from the tree.God found out and was very upset. The conflict in this matter was the Eve had to be punished.
I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you. (Genesis_4:16)
The conflict consists in disobeying Gods word. By this conflict taught God the world and the religion if someone does something wrong that they had to be punished to teach
them

Lord Of The Flies – Analyzing

Ralph, the first character introduced to the audience, is probably the most likable character in the entire story. Although he does not ponder such deeply like Piggy, is not as spiritual like Simon, or as energetic as Jack, there is something in him that attracts the audience.Ralph serves as the protagonist of the story. He is described as being a playful, innocent child in the beginning, but towards the end he matures significantly. In the first chapter where he takes his clothes off and goes swimming like any child would do, he seems to be Adam in the Garden of Eden, a child left to play with the nature.
However, as the plot progresses, Ralph faces both internal and external conflicts; from those conflicts he greatly matures. Ralph always has the strong belief that all the children will be saved from the island sooner or later; he is so sure that he even insists that they should have fire at all times to signal. However, when the boys abandon the fire which is symbolic of Ralphs hope of getting saved, Ralph faces an internal conflict that makes him fear about their future; perhaps they will not be rescued at all. By insisting that the children should keep the fire going, he creates an external conflict with Jack whose values are different. Jack is enjoying life as a leader of the savages, and he fears that fire will possibly end his authoritarian rule over the savages. Both conflicts are resolved when Ralph finally meets the naval officer.
Ralph is one of the few boys who realize that the only way to survive is through peace and order. Because he summons the boys at the beginning of the novel with the conch he and Piggy find, they look upon him as the most responsible of the boys and elect him as a chief over the humiliated Jack. Ralph creates a stable and peaceful society for the children to live; this significantly bothers Jack because he wants to have fun and do things that he never did back in the civilized society. Jack is eventually successful of pulling nearly all of the children out of Ralphs control to form savages. Ralph represents the civilization, and Jack represents the primitive society.
Moreover, Ralph is Goldings symbolic method of democracy. To the audience, Ralph seems like Franklin D. Roosevelt during the World War IIhe was certainly capable of stopping the World War II from breaking out, but he could not force anybody thus letting the War break out. Similar comparison is used for Ralph; he is certainly capable of stopping the kids from acting irresponsibly, however, he forces nothing into happening. At first, Ralph gives power to Jack; this is an example of separation of power in a democratic government. Also, even though the children in the island are not acting like they were told to do, Ralph never uses the punishment but instead he tries to talk to the children sensibly into doing the right thing. This eventually fails because Jack offers more exciting actions, but still Ralph refuses to fight Jack for the powers back. Jack, on the other hand, represents the totalitarian, anarchic government where total chaos is created. The two characters are used to provide a contrast between a civilization and a primitive society.

Ralph also supports a few themes of the book. One of them is the need for civilization. Ralph, representing the civilization, proves to the audience the fact that in order for a society to function order is necessary. This is the most obvious theme. Also, Ralph, along with the other children, presents another theme to the audienceinnocence and the loss of it. Through a transformation in character, Ralph eventually loses his innocence as a child; he is in the position of an adult and is acting and making decisions just like one.
Ralph goes through a major character transformation during the island stay. Because of Jacks authoritarian rule, the fear of the beast that never physically existed, and his dependence to the fire, Ralph tries to fight with the problems of being a leader. The childish innocence and playful nature of

Ontrast Between Language Of Love In The Balcony

Word Count: 456In William Shakespeare’s _Romeo and Juliet_, Shakespeare introduces many
themes that he continues throughout all of his tragedies, including the language
of love vs. the language of death. The balcony scene is the most valuable
scene illustrating the language of love, whereas in the final scene of the
play the language of death is used to set the stage for their suicides, pulling
together the tragic ending of the play.

Throughout the second scene of
Act II, Romeo uses beautiful metaphors and similes to express his affection
for Juliet:
O, speak again bright angel, for thou art
As glorious
to this night, being o’er my head
As is a winged messenger of heaven.(Rom.

II. II, 28-30.)
This passage is used to compare Juliet to an angel, somethign
that is universally held as sacred and lovely. Elsewhere in the scene there
are lines that describe their love for one another, and add to the romantic
theme of the scene:
And but thou love me, let them find me here.


My life better ended by their hate
The death prorogued, wanting
of thy love.(Rom. II. II, 76-78.)
In the final scene of the play, there
is much talk of death by Romeo, Friar Laurence, and Juliet. Romeo announces
his own demise in his soliloquy:
Depart again. Here, here I will remain
With worms and chambermaids. O, here
Will I set my everlasting
rest
And shake the yoke of inauspicious stars
From this world-wearied
flesh. Eyes, look your last!
Arms, take your last embrace! And, lips,
O you
The doors of breath to engrossing death!(Rom. V. III, 108-114.)
The
Friar’s Frantic wrods and actions in conflict to his previous calm stature
illustrate the grim mood of the scene:
Stay not to question, for the
watch is coming.

Come, go good Juliet. I dare no longer stay.(Rom.

V. III, 158-9.)
Both the language of love and the language og death play
important roles in the tragedy. They cooperate with light and dark imagery
to make the play the masterpiece it is, a play of paradoxes and oxymorons,
good and evil, neither one whole without the other. For without love there
would be nothing to lose, and without death there would be no way to lose it.

Creationism vs. Evolution

In my short life on this planet I have come to question things
that many take upon blind faith. We all know that we must some day
die; yet we continuously deny the forces at work inside ourselves,
which want to search out the answers of what may or may not come
after. It is far easier for humanity to accept that they will go to a
safe haven and be rewarded for their lives with pleasures and
fantasies of an unfathomable scale than to question the existence of a
supposed omnipotent being. Yet, there are a few of us humans who tend
to question the why’s and wherefore’s that society puts forth to us.
We question the existence of God, or the creation of mankind rather
than blindly accepting faith-filled beliefs we may received from our
parents as children. Perhaps it is because we live in a nation filled
with many peoples of different beliefs whose Gods are all so varied
and different that it is difficult to fathom that they are all the
same divine being. It is also plausible that we just have a desire to
quench the thirst for knowledge that lies deep within ourselves. As
for myself, I cannot believe in a being which created a universe and a
multitude of worlds in a rather short period of time then deigns to
lower itself into becoming a puppet-master and “pulling the strings”
of the Earth and all of the people therein.
Since this paper touches upon many scientific terms, I feel
that in order for the reader to correctly grasp the content I must
first define three words: Theory, Law, and Hypothesis. The definitions
will allow for a greater underezding of this essay and give us an
even ground upon which to begin.



Theory; noun
1. a. Systematically organized knowledge applicable in a relatively
wide variety of circumezces, especially a system of assumptions,
accepted principles, and rules of procedure devised to analyze,
predict, or otherwise explain the nature or behavior of a specified
set of phenomena. b. Such knowledge or such a system.


2. An assumption based on limited information or knowledge; a
conjecture.


Law; noun
1. a. A formulation describing a relationship observed to be
invariable between or among phenomena for all cases in which the
specified conditions are met: the law of gravity. b. A generalization
based on consistent experience or results: the law of supply and
demand; the law of averages.


Hypothesis; noun
1. A tentative explanation that accounts for a set of facts and can be
tested by further investigation; a theory.


2. Something taken to be true for the purpose of argument or
investigation; an assumption.



It is important that you thoroughly read the above definitions
or you will be at a disadvantage if you do not. You will note that
there are several different definitions to each word. I felt it was
important to include the added definitive statement to theory because
it shows the difference between a scientific theory and an “everyday”
theory based upon conjecture. The additional definitions to law and
hypothesis are both added for a further underezding of these words.


The definition of creationism is somewhat more complex. One
must start by saying that the belief in the creation of the universe
given at the beginning of the Bible is literally true. Creationism is
a belief based solely upon faith (which is a belief in and of itself).
There are no scientific facts as a basis for this belief, solely
conjectural theories and speculations. It is ingrained into our minds,
as children that a belief of a force, or supernatural entity, which is
all powerful and all knowing, is watching over us and taking care of
our needs. Yet, to me, saying this very sort of thing is heretical in
its very essence. To be so crude as to think that some being which
created the universe itself and all things in it would take the time
to care for each and every individual is incomprehensible. In
practically all ancient cultures, the biblical included, the universe
was thought of as an original chaos into which order had been
introduced by a creative hand: This was the essence of creation.1 In
this statement alone we

Much Ado

Much Ado About Nothing Film Versus Theatre Presentations
Shakespeare’s comedy Much Ado About Nothing is a witty play that is interpreted in many different ways for many different audiences. Branaugh’s movie rendition, compared to the Shenandoah Shakespeare Company’s play, have many separately emphasized points. If we look at elements such as use of space, costuming, and love relationships we find that Kenneth Branaugh emphasizes the separation of the military from the domestic which eventually heads down to the separation of men and women, while in the stage production, the director emphasizes the relationship and friendship between Claudio, Benedict, and Don Pedro.

In Branaugh’s movie version of Much Ado About Nothing there is much emphasis placed visually upon the military and the domestic atmosphere. From the beginning of Branaugh’s interpretation the clear distinction between the two groups is visually portrayed. The movie begins with Emma Thompson, Beatrice, reading aloud to her friends and family in a relaxed laid back setting. The first domestic scenes lay out the tranquility of Leonato’s home compared to the rough and public military scenes. The first military scene shows Don Pedro and his comrades riding up to Leonato’s house. The scene is visually pleasing with the soldiers striding up to the house on horses with their arms raised in the air in slow motion. A strong sense of military valor is established through the soldier’s actions, and the movie has already established a sense of military and domestic space, which the play did not capture.
The Shenandoah Shakespeare Company’s version of the play began very differently. There was no domestic or military atmosphere at all and the way the company chose to interpret the characters was extremely interesting. Leonato and his brother were dressed in business suits and the women were all in either colored dresses or skirts. The military men were still dressed in their suits but did not seem as out of place as they did in the movie. The distinction between the domestic and military space was not emphasized as it was in the movie and having all of the characters sitting on the stage at one time made the two groups mingle together as a whole. The company chose to act the play in this manner, but I felt that having the two separate groups made the plot more realistic.

The movie emphasized the two separate groups well when both meet after the first scene for dinner. The two groups come in from different sides of the courtyard and meet in the middle. The soldiers enter in a perfectly shaped ‘V’ with their uniforms on while the domestic people enter in an awkwardly shaped ‘V’ almost impersonating the military. The sense of form and power is established at this point in the movie. The domestic group enters the masquerade before the soldiers in an intermingling line of men and women with no established order. The military enters the masquerade in a perfectly shaped form allowing the audience to see the sense of order and conduct within the soldiers. The military are also wearing identical face masks so that they cannot be distinguished from one another, but can be distinguished as a group.

The play does not emphasize either the meeting for dinner or the masquerade as well as the movie. It allows the two groups blend in as a whole resulting in the soldiers having a lesser feeling of authority and power. The masquerade begins in the play with the characters about to dance and the wonderful sense of space is lost due to the lack of distinction between the two groups. Beginning the scene without the characters entering in separate groups takes away the sense of distinction between the groups and allows the soldiers to begin to blend in with the domestic atmosphere.

The opening scene of the movie showed the masculinity of the soldiers right away where as the play did not. This was easier to show because the movie allowed for the use of more space and props, which the play could not. Showing the masculinity of the military right away in the movie established a sense of power and authority that the play did not quite capture, which makes the humiliation of Hero

Conflicts During The 1920s

Conflicts During the 1920s
The contrast between the new and changing attitudes and traditional
values was unmistakably present during the 1920’s. This clash between the old
and the new had many roots and was inevitable. A new sense of awareness washed
over minorities in our nation, especially blacks who began to realize that they
were entitled to their own subculture, pursuit of success, and share of the
American dream. This ideal was expressed by Langston Hughes in “The Negro
Artist and the Racial Mountain.” They were supported by the growing number of
young, financially well-to-do liberals who formed the new intelligencia. Each
group sought the use of logic and rational reasoning in their rethinking of
reevaluation of society’s current status. Still, they constituted a minority
and their reformist views were not well-taken by the greater part of the
population who had become accustomed to a certain way of thinking were not
willing to budge, thus keeping the radicals silent. Individualism was also
partially suppresse d by the succession of three traditionalist Republican
presidents whose partiality to the strong was displayed by their strong backing
of big business while discouraging the Labor Union movement. Literature was one
medium by which the new intelligencia could express their views on
impracticality and injustice of the social system and government in the 1920’s.

Sinclair Lewis was one such author who used his writing to condemn the
stale and outdated ways of thinking that were so widely popular in our nation
during the 1920’s. In addition to exposing the poor working conditions of most
factory labor, particularly the meat-packing industry, he criticized the common
man who could not think or act individually in his novel, Babbit, which was
published in 1922. His description from the novel of the common man portrayed a
person who acted in a manner that was socially acceptable who also strived for
success based on society’s definition of purchasing material goods. In essence
he was a man defined by the society that he lived in.

Religion was also a topic of controversy during the twenties.

Traditionalists who were usually older and less intelligent than the rising
young class of liberal intellectuals were primarily Christian and would only
accept literal interpretations of the Bible. The liberals were not so quick to
take the Bible at face value and came up their own interpretations. The tension
between the old and the new regarding religion was perhaps most obviously
prevalent at the Tennessee Evolution Court Case of 1925.

In this time of where individual thinking was a rarity, public
misconception and ignorance ran abound. People looked to scapegoats to account
for society’s problems. Often minorities such as black in addition to the young
liberals were the source of such a scapegoat. For this reason, the Ku Klux Klan
experienced widespread popularity during the 1920’s. The KKK relieved the
majority of white conservative America of any responsibility for the
shortcomings of society. It also gave them a sense of security by forming a
large alliance against minorities.

The conflict between patrons of the KKK and the uprising group of
intellectual liberals was quite flagrant. The young continued to take more
liberties and adhered less to society’s standards than the preceding generation.

They sought self-satisfaction rather than living in harmony with the rest of
society. As a result, many non-traditional trends began to appear in the lives
of the young liberals in the 1920’s. Women began to feel more sexually
liberated and realized that they also had needs aside from only existing to
accommodate their male counterparts. Many women also took up smoking, an
activity previously delegated exclusively to men. In addition, more and more
women pursued jobs outside of the home. The rate of divorce rose during these
times as well. The young generation had stopped living their lives according to
traditional society values and had inserted their own sets of desires, goals,
and values by which to live instead.

Beloved

After the abolishment of slavery, the black community became the core of African American culture and life. This was due in part by segregation and other socioeconomic factors, but also to the spiritual and social unity of each black member.
The black community played a major role in Beloved, especially with their interactions witah Sethe. After Sethe’s escape from slavery, she traveled to Cincinnati to reunite with her children and mother-in-law, Baby Suggs. She arrived at 124, a house constantly filled with people and happiness. “Where not one but two pots simmered on the stove; where the lamp burned all night long. Strangers rested while their children tried on their shoes. Messages were left there, for whoever needed them was sure to stop in one day soon.” (Morrison, 87) Sethe was enveloped with love and security, while Baby Suggs, the local spiritual leader, became the driving force in the community, gathering the people together to preach self love and respect. “When warm weather came, Baby Suggs, holy, followed by every black man, woman and child who could make it through, took her great heart to the Clearing…” (Morrison, 87)
Twenty days after Sethe’s arrival, Stamp Paid brought them two huge buckets of delicious blackberries. With these Baby Suggs and Sethe decided to share the pies they would make from the berries with Ella and her husband John, and from this their generosity escalated into a full-fledged feast for all the colored people in the area. The area folks accepted the generosity, but resented the bounty of Baby Suggs and her kin. They disapproved of the uncalled-for pride displayed at 124, and were offended by Baby Suggs’s excess. Because of this they failed to warn Baby Suggs and Sethe that four white men on horses who were approaching.

Sethe, with the help of Baby Suggs and the community, began to build a life for herself and children, but her dreams were soon shattered when the Schoolteacher came into her yard. Because of her fear of returning to slavery and her sense of hopelessness, Sethe resorted to animal brutality, ending her daughter’s life so as not to endure one of degradation and abuse. She acted on instinct, never thinking of the consequences and never asking for forgiveness or help. After that nothing was ever the same. “124 shut down and put up with the venom of its ghost. No more lamp all night long, or neighbors dropping by. No low conversations after supper. No watched barefoot children playing in the shoes of strangers. Baby Suggs, holy, believed she had lied.” (Morrison, 89) People stayed away from 124, fearing the bad spirit and aura emanating from and inhabiting it. Everything that Baby Suggs had preached, believed, and lived had been thrown in her face and decimated, thus causing her to lose the spirit and will to live.

With the death and burial of Baby Suggs came the final insult to the community.

“The setting-up was held in the yard because nobody besides himself would enter 124-an injury Sethe answered with another by refusing to attend the service Reverend Pike presided over. She went instead to the gravesite, whose silence she competed with as she stood there not joining in the hymns the others sand with all their hearts. The insult spawned another by the mourners; back in the yard of 124, they ate the food they brought and did not touch Sethe’s, who did not touch theirs and forbade Denver to. So Baby Suggs , holy, was buried amid a regular dance of pride, fear, condemnation and spite… Her outrageous claims, her self-suffiency seemed to demand it, and Stamp Paid…wondered if some of the “pride goeth before a fall” expectations…had rubbed off on him…” (Morrison, 171)
Sethe, after being released from jail, never looked to the community for help or sympathy, but walked arrogantly with her head held high, and in the eyes of the community, what was empathy and compassion soon turned into condemnation and disdain. The community, though not agreeing with what Sethe did, nevertheless understood her actions and reasons for them, for each and every one of them had been scarred mentally, physically, and spiritually by slavery. Each had their own

During the eighteenth century there was an incredi

ble upheaval of commercialization in London, England. As a result, English society underwent significant, changes in attitude and thought, in an attempt to obtain the dignity and splendor of royalty and the upper class (McKendrick,2). As a result, English society held themselves in very high regards, feeling that they were the elite society of mankind. In his novel, Gullivers Travels, Jonathan Swift satirizes this English society in many ways. In the novel, Swift uses metaphors to reveal his disapproval of English society. Through graphic representations of the body and its functions, Swift reveals to the reader that grandeur is merely an illusion, a facade behind which English society of his time attempted to hide from reality.

On his first voyage, Swift places Gulliver in a land of miniature people where his giant size is meant as a metaphor for his superiority over the Lilliputians, thus representing English societys belief in superiority over all other cultures. Yet, despite his belief in superiority, Swift shows that Gulliver is not as great as he imagines when the forces of nature call upon him to relieve himself. Gulliver comments to the reader that before hand he, was under great difficulties between urgency and shame, and after the deed says that he felt, guilty of so uncleanly an action (Norton,2051). By revealing to the reader Gullivers shame in carrying out a basic function of life, Swift comments on the self imposed supremacy of English society. By humbling their representative, the author implies that despite the belief of the English to be the most civilized and refined society, they are still human beings who are slaves to the same forces as every other human being regardless of culture or race.

On the second voyage, Swift turns the tables on Gulliver and places him among a race of giant people, the Brobdingnagians, where Gulliver is viewed as the inferior. Due to his miniature size, Gulliver is able to examine the human body in a much more detailed manner. Upon witnessing the undressing of the Maids of Honor, Gulliver expresses his aversion to their naked bodies. They were, very far from being a tempting sight, and gave him, any other emotions than those of horror and disgust, because of the acuteness to which he was able to observe their, course and uneven skin, so variously colored (Norton,2104). Gulliver also talks of their moles, here and there as broad as a trencher, and hairs hanging from (them) thicker than pack-threads (Norton,2104). Earlier in the novel, upon witnessing the suckling of a baby, Gulliver tells the reader that upon seeing the womans breast he, reflected upon the fair skins of his English ladies, who appear so beautiful… only because they are of his own size (Norton,2088). In showing Gullivers disgust at the sight of such prestigious and beautiful women of Brobdingnag, Swift again comments on English society through a graphic portrayal of the human body. Swift uses the Maids of Honor as a metaphor to comment on the women of England, whom, among eighteenth century English society, were believed to be the most beautiful of all the world. Showing that despite their apparent beauty, they are not perfect, and suffer the same flaws and imperfections of appearance as any other women. At one point during Gullivers stay in Brobdingnag, Swift comments almost directly on his distaste for the self imposed supremacy of English society over all other cultures. It happens when the King of the land, his Majesty, comments on, how contemptible a thing was human grandeur, which could be mimicked by such diminutive insects as Gulliver(Norton,2097). Here, Swift bluntly criticizes the attitude of English society for considering themselves to be so high in rank and eminence, by implying that even the smallest and least civilized creature could assume such a high degree of superiority.
Gullivers Travels is a satirical novel of the eighteenth century English society, a society with superficial ideas of grandeur and nobility. Through clever representations, Jonathan Swift successfully humbles this society’s pride and human vanity. He reveals the flaws it their thinking by reducing them to what they are, human beings, which, like any other group of human beings is able to